1. Point guard
The point guard position is responsible for making the play in the team. Point guards are generally considered the leader of the team.
These guards are generally the shortest in the squad but are the best ball handlers and passers. In the NBA, point guards are generally between 5'10 and 6'4. Alongside good ball-handling skills, point guards are responsible for making the game and putting other players in a position to score.
Point guards are very quick on their feet and are good at driving and short-range leading the team by assisting as well as creating openings for teammates to score. For these reasons point guards are also called the one, the playmaker, and the coach on the floor.
These guards have the role of studying the game and observing the strategies of the opponents. They should recognize the opponent's weaknesses and counter with the team's strengths. PGs usually have a high number of assists and are compared to centers in Hockey and quarterbacks in American football.
The position requires quick thinking and can be considered the backbone of the team. Point guards need to escape past the opponents and must be skilled enough to keep the ball moving eventually creating an opening for the team.
Point guards have different duties than other positions. While other players are focused on scoring more, the guard must keep the team balanced and play a team-focused game. Generally, PGs are responsible for leading the offense the guards also have to mark man-to-man and have zone defense responsibilities.
Facilitator and Scoring Point guards
There are two types of Point guards in Basketball, one being a facilitator-type point guard and one being a scoring point guard. A facilitator point guard often has a higher IQ and game knowledge than others. These types of guards can predict the opponent's moves before they are executed.
Furthermore, facilitator-type guards are usually the masters of half-court set offense having the right idea of where to place a fellow teammate at what time. Chris Paul is considered the best facilitator point guard.
On the flip side, A scoring point guard is good with his shots and has the ability to score from three points and to charge from the midpoint. Additionally, scoring guards are aggressive and are responsible for attacking the opponent's defense. Stephen curry is an example of a scoring point guard.
A number of skills including speed, agility, game knowledge, thinking outside the box, ball handling etc are necessary for a point guard.